„A humanitarian catastrophe is looming over northern Iraq. As many as a million people are expected to stream out of Mosul when Iraqi government forces, backed by the United States, move to retake the city from ISIS, which took control two years ago. The much anticipated military operation could begin as early as next month, but aid workers here say they do not have anywhere near the resources, money, or manpower to deal with the expected human tide.“
According to UN OCHA (Mosul Corridor Displacement Overview, 31.08.2016) over 31,000 people have fled ongoing military operations in the Mosul corridor towards Makhmour/Erbil governorate. They have now found shelter in various camps in Debaga area in the last weeks. Debaga is overcrowded with around 36,000 IDPs in the camps and around 7,000 in reception centres.
Even though various actors are supporting the people in need, the numbers outgrew quickly the expected capacities and there is a big need for humanitarian assistance in all sectors (WASH, Shelter NFI, Food Security, Health, Education, Protection).
In light with the to be expected military offensive towards Mosul city itself, the government of Iraq, the government of KRI, the UN and the humanitarian actors are currently planning for the humanitarian response with an anticipated caseload of around 750,000 people in need in various areas around Mosul.
Debaga gives us a slight idea of what is to be expected in the coming months!
“ During the first eight months of 2016, some 281,740 people have made the treacherous sea crossing to Europe. The number of refugees and migrants arriving in Greece has dropped dramatically from over 67,000 in January to 3,437 in August, following the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement and the closure of the so-called Balkan route. The number of arrivals to Italy, meanwhile, has remained more or less constant, with some 115,000 refugees and migrants landing in Italy as of the end of August, compared to 116,000 during the same period last year.
The main change, however, has been the number of casualties. So far this year, one person has died for every 42 crossing from North Africa to Italy, compared to one in every 52 last year. This makes 2016 to date the deadliest year on record in the Central Mediterranean. The chances of dying on the Libya to Italy route are ten times higher than when crossing from Turkey to Greece.“